Bayonetas Antiguas y Modernas - Ancient and Modern Bayonets

Bayonetas Antiguas y Modernas - Ancient and Modern Bayonets
Cuadro de la colección que actualmente poseo de las bayonetas de mi país, además de un machete de artillería

lunes, 22 de enero de 2018

sable-bayoneta MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" 2da. versión, 2da. variante (Solingen)


MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" 
2nd. pattern, 2nd. variant (Solingen)      
saber-bayonet












 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
País: República Argentina
Country: Argentine Republic

Arma de pertenencia: diseñada para el Fusil de Infantería y Carabina de Ingenieros MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" de accionamiento por cerrojo, en calibre 7,65 (cartucho 7,65 x 53 mm). Ésta bayoneta necesita el Adaptador Riccheri para su engarce correcto a las armas mencionadas, sin embargo su diseño le permite fijarse sin adaptador al Fusil de Infantería MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1891" y también a la Carabina de Caballería MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909", obviamente si ésta carabina fue modificada para aceptar bayoneta (*) ó construida por la DGFM-FMAP la cuál ya traía su sistema de engarce necesario.
Respective weapon: designed for the MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" Infantry Rifle and Engineer/Pioneer Carbine, bolt-on system in 7.65 caliber (7.65x53 mm cartridge). This bayonet needs the Riccheri Adapter to get a right fit to the mentioned weapons, however its design allows to be fixed without adapter to the MAUSER "Argentine Model 1891" Infantry Rifle, and also to the MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" Cavalry Carbine, obviously if this carbine was modified to accept bayonet (*) or constructed by DGFM-FMAP which it already had its neccesary fixing lug.

Fabricante y fecha de Fabricación: construida en Solingen (Alemania) por WEYERSBERG KIRSCHBAUM & Co. No está disponible su fecha de fabricación, quizás las cantidades pactadas de ésta ModArg09 2da 2da fueron entregadas a mitad/finalizando 1911 o comenzando 1912.
Manufacturer and manufacturing date: made in Solingen (Germany) by WEYERSBERG KIRSCHBAUM & Co, and there isn´t available its manufacturing date, perhaps the pacted quantities of this ModArg09 2nd 2nd were delivered at middle/ending 1911 or beginning 1912. 

Datos técnicos:
largo de la hoja 400 mm
espesor de la hoja 6,5 mm
altura de la hoja 24,5 mm
largo de la empuñadura y guarda/cruz incluida 121 mm
diámetro interior del anillo 15,5 mm
largo total con vaina incluida 536 mm
peso de la bayoneta sin vaina 504 g
peso con vaina incluida 723 g
Technical data:
blade length 15.75 inches
blade width 0.25 in
blade heigth 0.96 in
hilt length, included crossguard 4.76 in
inner diameter of the muzzle ring 0.61 in
overall length, included scabbard 21.10 in
bayonet weight without scabbard 17.78 ounces
bayonet weight, included scabbard 25.50 oz

Datos de identificación: ricasso derecho de la hoja MODELO ARGENTINO 1909 encima del Nro de serie M 1668 (coincidente con la vaina) y en medio el Escudo Nacional con laureles (recuerden que hay ModArg91s con y sin laureles alrededor), ricasso izquierdo WEYERSBERG, KIRSCHBAUM & Co, SOLINGEN; y una borrosa y supuesta letra A con asterisco sobre el lomo de la hoja y zona del ricasso. Guarda ó cruz muestra una C invertida con asterisco sobre el frente inferior donde nace el gavilán, y sobre el costado izquierdo una muy borrosa letra P con asterisco (P y A con asteriscos fueron estampadas en todas las ModArg09s construidas en Alemania, excepto aquellas fabricadas en Argentina y con materiales propios). Pomo muestra en su lado derecho una pequeña letra N estampada sobre un extremo del botón de liberación y éste sistema posee un bloque interno con dos marcas ocultas: el número 421 sobre su pared anterior y otra letra N sobre la posterior. Vaina muestra Nro de serie M 1668 (coincidente con la hoja) entre el brocal y el botón del tahalí; detrás una letra D con asterisco en su interior y debajo un Círculo con una Cruz interna; sobre la boca del brocal una pequeña E borrosa y a su izquierda un pequeño número 1 invertido, para finalizar, sobre la punta tipo bola las letras RA dentro de un óvalo.
Identification Marks: right blade ricasso MODELO ARGENTINO 1909 over of the M 1668 serial number (matching with the scabbard) and in middle the National Crest/Coat of Arms with laurel sheets (remember there are ModArg91s with or without laurel sheets around); left ricasso WEYERSBERG, KIRSCHBAUM & Co, SOLINGEN, and a blurred and supposed A letter with asterisk over the blade spine and ricasso zone. Crossguard shows an inverted C with asterisk on the lower front side where the hooked quillion is formed, and at left side a very blurred P with asterisk (P and A with asterisks were stamped in the all ModArg09s manufactured in Germany, except those ones made in Argentina and with own materials). Pommel shows at its right side a small N letter over an extreme of the locking press button and this system has an internal block with two hidden marks: the 421 number on its anterior wall and another N letter on the posterior one. Scabbard shows M 1668 serial number (matching with the blade) between throat and frog stud; at back there´s a D with internal asterisk and a Circle with an inner Cross, over the mouth piece a blurred small E and at its left an inverted small 1 number, at last, on the ball finial an Oval with the inner RA letters.
 
Características y Observaciones varias: hoja de acero, recta, pulida, vaceos en ambos lados, bordes rectos, filo simple, punta al centro y contrafilo de aproximadamente 50 mm. Guarda ó cruz de acero con anillo alto y gavilán con punta tipo bola. Empuñadura formada por 2 cachas de nogal sin orificios de limpieza (**) ajustadas a la espiga de la hoja por 2 remaches de acero y sus arandelas, con 38 mm de separación de centro a centro y 43 mm de extremo a extremo (***). Pomo de acero Sueco con corte oblicuo, con botón sobre el lado derecho el cual permite liberar o ajustar la bayoneta al fusil mediante la uña interna ubicada dentro de la ranura con forma T-U. Vaina de palastro de acero mostrando apenas su pavonado original, con punta tipo bola, brocal (con muelles internos) ajustado a la vaina por 2 remaches laterales y botón ovalado para enganche de un tahalí de cuero.
Features and some Observations: steel blade, straight, polished, fullered on both sides, spine with straight sides, single edged, spear point and false edge of approximately 50 mm. Steel crossguard with high muzzle ring and forward swept quillion with ball finial. Hilt formed by 2 walnut grip scales without cleaning holes (**) adjusted to the blade´s tang by 2 steel rivets and their washers, with 38 mm of separation from center to center and 43 mm from end to end (***). Slant pommel of Swedish steel, with button on the right side which allows to adjust or release the bayonet to the rifle using the inner nail located inside the T-U type slot. Scabbard of sheet rolled steel showing a little of its original blueing, with ball finial, mouth piece (with internal springs) attached to the scabbard by 2 side rivets, and oval frog stud for adjust a leather frog.

Comentarios: Sable-Bayoneta de gran diseño y construcción, pero con algunos detalles como: las dos manchas, una sobre la punta de la hoja (ambos lados, zona del contrafilo), y la otra oscureciendo el Escudo Nacional y su denominación sobre el área del ricasso (quizás alguna clase de químico que fue usado como un limpiador sin conocimiento de sus propiedades y/o reacciones sobre el acero); y último detalle es la carencia del Óvalo con letras RA, mostrando signos de desgaste sobre el área dónde debería estar (posiblemente una abrasión sobre una profunda oxidación o si las marcas fueron pobremente estampadas ellas pudieron borrarse fácilmente).Ventajas de ésta bayoneta son el excelente pulido original de su hoja además de las bien definidas vetas de su filo típicas de las hojas "solingeneanas" de las ModArg91/09; y funcionamiento correcto sin problemas de su mecanismo interno de engarce para ajustar/liberar la bayoneta de su arma correspondiente. Finalizando éste reporte, recuérdese las ventajas de éste modelo como cualquier otra ModArg91/09 para la Esgrima con el estilo de Sable-Bayonetas ya que ellas son bien livianas para la práctica de las técnicas sin problemas.
Comments: Saber-Bayonet of great design and construction, but with some details as: the two stains, one on the blade tip (both sides, zone of the false edge), and the other obscuring the National Crest and its denomination on the ricasso area (perhaps a kind of chemical that was used as a cleaner without knowing its properties and/or reactions on the steel); and last detail is the lack of the Oval with RA letters, showing signs of wear on the area where they should be stay (possibly an abrasion over a deep oxidation or if the marks were poorly stamped they could be easily ground away). Pros of this bayonet are the excellent original polish of its blade moreover the well-defined vertical stripes from its cutting edge typical of the "solingeneans" ModArg91/09 blades; and the right functioning without troubles of its internal locking mechanism to adjust/release the bayonet from its respective weapon. Ending this report, keep in mind the advantages of this pattern as any of other ModArg91/09 for the Fencing with only Saber-Bayonets, because they are so lightweight for practice the techniques with no problems.

Aclaraciones I: chequeen éstos 3 importantes detalles con asteriscos
(*) transcripción del anexo original incorporado en la última deición del libro "Bayonetas de la República Argentina" de los autores Mario A. Suffriti y Oscar C. Albino, muestra un ítem especial referido a las Carabinas de Caballería modificadas (he agregado líneas punteadas y texto normal para realzar el escrito original el cual extraje del libro, nótese que es común que la ModArg09 2da versión se designe como Mauser "Model Argentino 1909" Segundo Modelo).


Clarifications I: check out these 3 important details with asterisks
 
(*) transcription from the original annex incorporated in the last edition of the book "Bayonets from the Argentine Republic" from authors Mario A. Suffriti y Oscar C. Albino, it shows a special topic referred to the modified Cavalry Carbines (I´ve added dotted lines and text in italics to enhance the original writing which I extracted from the book, note that it´s common that the ModArg09 2nd pattern is designated as Mauser "Argentine Model 1909" Second Model)
             ...................................................................
Noviembre 2006

OBSERVACIONES Y AGREGADOS AL LIBRO BAYONETAS DE LA REPÚBLICA ARGENTINA – Ed. 1997

02. Número 07: Bayoneta Mauser Modelo Argentino 1909. Segundo Modelo.

Agregar en OBSERVACIONES

Las Carabinas Mauser Modelo Argentino 1909, conocidas como de Caballería, fueron utilizadas también por los artilleros y otras unidades aparte de la caballería. En su forma original de fábrica no podían calzar bayoneta. En 1925 se decide adaptarlas al uso de bayoneta y el diseño de la modificación se le encarga a la firma Fritz Werner AG de Berlin-Martinikenfelde en 1926, el trabajo lo realizó el Arsenal Esteban de Luca
             ...................................................................
November 2006

OBSERVATIONS AND ADDINGS TO THE BOOK BAYONETS FROM ARGENTINE REPUBLIC - Ed. 1997

02. Number 07: Mauser Bayonet Argentine Model 1909. Second Model.

Add in OBSERVATIONS:

The Mauser Argentine Model 1909 Carbines, known them as of Cavalry, were also used by artillery personnel and other units, moreover of the cavalry. In their original factory form they couldn´t fit bayonet. In 1925 it was decided to adapt them for the use of bayonet and the design of the modification was entrusted to the firm Fritz Werner AG of Berlin-Martinikenfelde in 1926, the work was realized by the Esteban de Luca Arsenal.
             ...................................................................

(**) a partir de la ModArg09 2da 1ra la empuñadura es acortada 10 mm y el anillo de boca se eleva siendo más alto que el de la ModArg09 1ra, permitiendo ser fijada al arma con la ayuda del Adaptador Riccheri; de ésta manera, la baqueta de limpieza del arma de fuego no necesita ser introducida dentro de la empuñadura, y tal varilla se muestra permaneciendo afuera, por tal razón los orificios de limpieza de las cachas de la ModArg09 1ra no fueron más necesarios, aunque aún se realizaron en la ModArg09 2da 1ra pero fueron eliminados definitivamente en el diseño de ModArg09 2da 2da.
(**) as from the ModArg09 2nd 1st the hilt is shortened 10 mm and the muzzle ring is elevated achiving be higher than the one of ModArg09 1st, allowing to be fixed to the weapon with the help of the Riccheri Adapter; by this way, the firearm cleaning rod doesn´t need to be inserted into the bayonet hilt and that rod shows itself staying out, for that reason the grip cleaning holes of ModArg09 1st weren´t more necessary, although they were still made in ModArg09 2nd 1st but definitely were eliminated in the design of ModArg09 2nd 2nd.

(***) Junto a la altura del anillo de boca, la distancia entre remaches que ajustan las cachas de la empuñadura muestran también a que versión/variante corresponde tu ModArg09 "solingeneana". Recuérdese que la ModArg09 1ra posee distancias: 50 mm de centro a centro y 54 mm de final a final de cada arandela; la ModArg09 2da 1ra posee: 50 mm de centro a centro y 55 mm de final a final (de acuerdo al grosor de las cabezas de sus remaches) y debido a su pomo corto, uno de sus remaches está más cerca de esa área; y al final la ModArg09 2da 2da posee: 38 mm de centro a centro y 43 mm de final a final, logrando un aspecto más armonioso para la figura de su empuñadura.
(***) Together with the height of the muzzle ring, the distance between rivets that adjust the hilt grips also shows to what pattern/variant corresponds your "solingenean" ModArg09. Remember that the ModArg09 1st has distances: 1.97 inches between rivets from center to center and 2.13 inches from end to end of each nut; the ModArg09 2nd 1st has: 1.97 in from center to center and 2.17 in from end to end (according to the thickness of their rivets heads) and owing to its short pommel, one of its rivets is very closer to that area; and at last the ModArg09 2nd 2nd has: 1.50 in from center to center and 1.69 in from end to end, achieving a more harmonious aspect for the figure of the hilt.

Aclaraciones II: los materiales para la fabricación de la ModArg09 1ra son los mismos para la ModArg09 2da 1ra y también para la ModArg09 2da 2da (sin cambios sobre sus calidades, solamente diferencias visuales estructurales entre ellas debido a los requerimientos del cliente) y esos materiales fueron especificados en el Folleto Técnico llamado FUSILES Y CARABINAS "MAUSER": Acero fundido de Sólingen especial para hojas, Hierro de Suecia, Madera de nogal, Acero de lingote pobre en carbono, Palastro de acero embutido, El brocal de hierro y los muelles de acero.
Clarifications II: the materials for the manufacturing of the ModArg09 1st are the same for the ModArg09 2nd 1st and also for this ModArg09 2nd 2nd (without changes about their qualities, only structural visual differences between them owing to the customer requirements) and those materials were specified in the Technical Booklet called "MAUSER" RIFLES AND CARBINES: Special melted steel of Solingen for blades, Iron from Sweden, Walnut wood, Steel from ingot with low carbon content, Sheet rolled steel, The throat of iron and the springs of steel.

Recuerden: todas las ModArg09s con sus versiones y variantes, siendo las Alemanas (Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co.) o las Argentinas (AAMZ y DGFM-FMAP), todas ellas fueron Originales y Aceptadas por nuestras Fuerzas Armadas y de Seguridad Nacional donde prestaron servicios. La única para considerar como Oficial es la ModArg09 1ra, sin embargo las otras versiones y variantes con o sin modificaciones en sus diseños son tan importantes como la Oficial.
Keep in mind: all ModArg09s with their patterns and variants, either be the Germans ones (Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co.) or Argentines ones (AAMZ and DGFM-FMAP), they were all Originals and were Accepted by our Armed Forces and from National Security where they provided services. The only one for consider as Official is the ModArg09 1st, however the other patterns and variants with or without modifications made in their designs are so important as the Official one.

Y no olviden que todas éstas veriones y variantes de ModArg09s (con excepción de la ModArg09 1ra) necesitan el Adaptador Riccheri para una correcta fijación al Fusil o Carabina de Ingenieros MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909", no así en la Carabina de Caballería del mismo modelo, siempre y cuando ésta posea la modificación adecuada o fuese hecha con el sistema de fijación para bayoneta.
And don´t forget that all these ModArg09 patterns and variants (with exception of the ModArg09 1st) need the Riccheri Adapter for a right fixing to the MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" Rifle or Engineer/Pioneer Carbine, not so in the Cavalry Carbine from the same model, as long as it has the adequate modification or it was made with the fixing system for bayonet.

Valuación: 4 puntos
Value: 4 scores.

Links:

http://bacotacticoscuchillos.blogspot.com.ar/2011/01/bayoneta-mauser-modelo-argentino-1909_20.html,

http://arms2armor.com/Bayonets/arg1909.htm,

http://schuerer-pku.de/HS/bajonette_AR.html,

http://worldbayonets.com/Bayonet_Identification_Guide/Argentina/Argentina2.html,

Y no olviden mis otros trabajos / And don´t forget my other works:

http://www.solo-bayonetas.com/2012/10/argentina-argentina.html,

http://www.solo-bayonetas.com/p/mauser-argentine-model-1909-1st-pattern.html,








































































































































Esta Recreación se basa en las formas, dimensiones y peso aproximados de un rifle clásico de todos los tiempos: el MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" ("Modelo Argentino 1909") pero no es un ARMA DE FUEGO porque NO tiene mecanismo de disparo , NO tiene cerrojo, NO tiene cámara de recarga, NINGÚN depósito de alimentación de cartucho o cargador es imposible de cargar esta recreación con algún tipo de cartucho / munición, y el cañón está formado por tres partes de acero diferentes soldadas entre sí y toda esa estructura se fija a la culata de madera para dar la apariencia del rifle clásico aún nombrado (el supuesto cañón tiene una porción de 200 mm de longitud y está soldado a la estructura de acero que le da forma al cañón, esa porción pertenece a un cañón para aire comprimido Moggia con un orificio de 6,5 mm de diámetro, lo siento porque no pude encontrar algo con una medida aproximada similar al calibre MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909"). Esta recreación tiene dos únicas funciones: ser una herramienta cuando se necesita mostrar cómo se fija una bayoneta ModArg09 / 91 y ser también una herramienta para las técnicas de esgrima de bayoneta (bayoneta + rifle, obviamente en este caso Bayoneta + Recreación).
This Re-Creation that can be seen with the bayonet fixed in it, is based with the approximated forms, dimensions and weight of an all time classic rifle: the MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" ("Modelo Argentino 1909") but in this case THIS IS NOT A FIRE WEAPON because It has NO fire mechanism, NO bolt on action, NO loaded chamber, NO cartridge feed deposit or magazine (being impossible to charge this Re-Creation with some type of cartridge/ammunition) and the barrel is formed by three parts of different steel solded between each one and all that structure is fixed to the wooden stock for give the appearance of the before named classic rifle (the supposed barrel has a portion of 170 mm of length and it is solded to the steel structure that gives the barrel form, that portion belongs to a Moggia air rifle barrel with a 6,35 mm diameter hole (I´m sorry because I could not find something with an approximate measure similar to the MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" caliber). This Re-Creation has two only functions: to be a tool when it needs to show how a ModArg09/91 bayonet is fixed and to be also a tool for the Bayonet Fencing techniques (Bayonet + Rifle, obviously in this case Bayonet + Re-Creation).


























Estas imágenes muestra los tamaños comparados entre Bayoneta + Recreación y la persona que sostiene ese dupla
These images show the sizes in comparison between the Bayonet + Re-Creation and the person that holds that duo

















































Víctor H. Carrizo

martes, 26 de diciembre de 2017

new page about my ModArg09 2da 2da

 
A new page!!!: please check this link to get more images from my ModArg09 2nd 2nd Thank you for watching!!!

http://www.solo-bayonetas.com/p/mauser-modelo-argentino-1909-second.html

sable-bayoneta MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" 2da. versión, 2da. variante (Solingen)

MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" 2nd. pattern, 2nd. variant  (Solingen) saber-bayonet


lunes, 6 de noviembre de 2017

bayoneta ModArg09-1ra / ModArg09-1st bayonet


sable-bayoneta MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" 1ra versión / MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" 1st Pattern saber-bayonet

¿Desean ver más imágenes de la sable-bayoneta ModArg09 1ra (MAUSER "Modelo Argentino 1909" 1ra versión)? Entonces los invito a que chequeen éstos links pertenecientes a mis blogs en donde agregué más imágenes de ésta bayoneta y... ¡mostrando la forma en que ésta se engarza! Espero que las disfruten (pronto estaré subiendo imágenes de una de sus sucesoras: la ModArg09 2da 2da).

Would you like to see more images from the ModArg09 1st saber-bayonet (MAUSER "Argentine Model 1909" 1st. Pattern)? So, I invite you to check these links belonging to my blogs where I added more images of this bayonet and... showing the way it is fixed! I hope you enjoy them (soon I will be uploading images of one of his successors: the ModArg09 2nd2nd).

http://bayonets-images.blogspot.com.ar/2016/03/mauser-modelo-argentino-1909-1ra.html
  

http://www.solo-bayonetas.com/p/mauser-argentine-model-1909-1st-pattern.html

http://www.solo-bayonetas.com/2012/10/argentina-argentina.html

Víctor Hugo Carrizo


domingo, 5 de marzo de 2017

sable-bayoneta para ENFIELD MODELO 1856 "guión sobre el cañón" (versión Solingen para Voluntarios)


ENFIELD PATTERN 1856 "bar on barrel" saber-bayonet (Solingen model for Volunteers)

Origin or destiny: United Kingdom

Respective weapon: it was exclusively designed to fit the ENFIELD PATTERN 1856 "2 band" Short Rifle in .577 caliber and muzzle loading system. Both weapons, bayonet and rifle, were used by British Army Line sergeants and by certain specialized units, as British as from other countries, included in the famous American Civil War where they stood out with their full participation on both sides.

Manufacturer and manufacturing date: it has the HEAD OF THE KING mark, the well known symbol used by several members of the WEYERSBERG family, famous sword smiths (also of sabers and other blade weapons) from the highly considered Solingen of Germany. Its estimated manufacture´s date is between 1856 and 1857 although there were specimens produced in later years (Note: you may have the possibility to acquire a bayonet of this type manufactured in 1858 or later, but you must know the features of its hilt attached way to get a correct identification: if it is a "bar on barrel" or "bar on band" bayonet; in the following points of interest I will perform a detailed description to note the difference between the two types of hilts which they let the right way of attaching to the rifle).

Technical data:
22.79 inches blade length (579 mm)
.43 in blade width (11 mm)
1.22 in blade heigth (31 mm)
5.24 in hilt length, included crossguard (133 mm)
.85 in internal diameter of the muzzle ring (21,5 mm)
28.11 in overall length, included scabbard (714 mm)

Identification Marks: right side on the blade ricasso shows the Head of the King which it was the exclusive mark from its manufacturer WEYERSBERG; and on the same side on the middle of the crossguard there are a stamped British Crown and below a supposed letter G. The last mark is the number 83 placed at the back on the pommel and it possibly refers to the ancient 83rd REGIMENT OF FOOT originated in Dublin, Ireland.

Features and some Observations: yataghan type blade of carbon steel, fullered on both sides, with a spear point, single edge and just a smooth false edge of 190 mm approximately. The steel crossguard has a large muzzle ring with a "cock's comb" at its top, and a straight quillion with "button finial" at its lower place. The hilt is made up by a full tang, which it gradually grows thinner until reaches the join with the steel pommel (*), and it also shows the black pressed-leather grip scales adjusted by four rivets on its left side and by three others on the right (**), moreover a screw tightens the steel spring which it has the block with the inner nail that allows the bayonet is attached to the rifle muzzle pressing the button located on its left side. The T slot is chamfered (like the Chassepot style) to fit the stud of the barrel located on the right side (***). The black leather scabbard presents steel mounts forming the mouth piece with its oval frog stud and the chape with a truncated cone style tip, both of them having the neccesary staples at their back faces. Noteworthy: the curved shape of the scabbard that was designed for a suitable housing of the yataghan blade, the backed sewing of its leather, and the lack of internal throat springs that usually hold the blade into the scabbard preventing undesirable movements.

Comments: Saber-Bayonet with superb design and construction, and a notoriously weightier blade than other "Yataghans" from my collection (according to several written sources, the blades manufactured in United Kingdom were barely lighter than those provided by Germany). Performing my own saber-bayonets fencing style with this beauty I had some opportunities to test "that" weighty blade and I felt myself very comfortable with it, but I had no more chances to continue with the proofs because its left grip scale is very damaged. Two negative and evident points: 1_ the left grip scale that before I mentioned that is in bad state, being understandable because in past era its handle leather was underwent climatic and humidity changes in addition to the destructive effects produced by the acidity of the hands perspiration from its far owner (situating this bayonet in trainings and combats, it was rarely given the necessary care for the hilt area because the blade ever was the most importat thing to give a suitable maintenance); and 2_ the scabbard which was made in a weak leather and I would have preferred a metallic one, obtaining more resistance against climatic changes and serving as a weapon for a counterattack against one or several adversaries in case of loss, breakage or another inconvenece with the bayonet or its blade. Putting aside those undesireable details I must mention the soft stains that they do not offer any oxidation or damage signals on the polished steel blade; in fact, they give a "cool vintage look" to the whole structure and accentuating on it the patina placed on all the other metal parts of this bayonet. Something more to comment: I decided to buy this bayonet knowing the state that I mentioned (its seller had emphasized about it in his web publication where this piece was uploaded showing some photos of its state and he again remembered me at the time of the purchase) but I did not mind about the damage, because for me it was a nice possibility of having a very representative bayonet of an ancient era, and also to know a little about the material used for the grip scales which it was bovine leather; even it is appreciated the tiny hair into the internal rectangular strips used for give form to the structure of such covers. Undoubtedly for me, it was one of my best acquisitions because an opportunity like this was not going to happen again.

Clarification I: there are several points which I have marked with asterisks to enable their reading and understanding.

(*) The tang shows several different thicknesses: the area closed to the crossguard shows .27 inches (7 mm) from above and .18 in (4.5 mm) from below, and it is go becoming thinner through all the way until to reach the join with the pommel, showing other measures as .16 in (4 mm) from above and .10 in (2.5 mm) from below.


(**) Unfortunately the cover of the left grip scale has got almost 35% in its appearance, showing the inner physiognomy constituted by its leather strips though they admirably still keep themselves fixed to the tang. It was regrettable that the half of that cover had several cracks on the rivets areas and they tended to leave off their places, the only way that I could find to joint them again was gluing the cracked parts with vinyl glue, and although it was not the right procedure at least I can fix that fragile area for undetermined time.

(***) The upper hilt area shows both, the tang and the borders of the grip scales with a slight concave shape getting the appropriate adaptation to the barrel curvature at the moment that the bayonet is fixed, and this feature together with its muzzle ring that is born flush with the tang and the chamfered T slot from its pommel, allow that the rifle/musket barrel is aligned without difficulty. These profits have given to this saber-bayonet the added term "bar on barrel" since that it was exclusively designed for that fixing style: the bayonet stud welded to the right side of the firearm barrel and very closed to its muzzle. It should not be confused with the other system used by the Pattern 1858 saber-bayonet called "bar on band", which the ring is NOT born flush with the tang but it rises over a few millimeters more compared to the P-1856, adding that its hilt upper back is flat and straight, and the pommel has no chamfered edges on its T slot.

Clarification II: Two versions of saber-bayonets were designed for the two types of short rifles knew under different names:

1_ Enfield Pattern 1856 "bar on barrel" Short Rifle, also known as Pattern 1856 Nº 1, Pattern 1856 Army Short Rifle, P-1856 Type I or simply P-1856. For this type of rifle, the bayonet was exclusively designed to be fixed to the stud/bar soldered on the barrel.

2_ Enfield Pattern 1858 "bar on band" Short Rifle, sometimes known as Pattern 1856 Nº 2, P1858 Short Rifle, other times as P-1856 Type II or P-1858. And for this type of rifle, the bayonet was obviously designed to be fixed to the stud/bar placed on the first band more closed to the muzzle of barrel.

Note: these two types of rifles had two bands that adjusted the barrel and the stock, and usually they can be found made of iron (destined for Army) or brass (for Navy).

Clarification III: I had before mentioned that the number 83 located on the bayonet pommel may have been the one corresponding to the 83rd REGIMENT OF FOOT from Dublin, and I based myself this assumption because this model of bayonets from Solingen (Germany) were only acquired by Volunteer Units, and in the case of this Regiment there are some informations demonstrating that this kind of saber-bayonets were part of these Units that served to the Britannic Majesty. Many of you will ask for an adecuate explanation about these militias, for that reason I have transcribed the definition that I found in the excellent website called Old-Smithy (the page is Bayonets Terms, and I am going to add the link if you need more data): "Volunteer units were a form of militia unit, and not part of the standing army, these were common in the UK before WWI. Often they were equipped with the same arms as the standing army but weapons were bought privately and do not have military acceptance marks and may have slight differences (brass instead of steel scabbard mounts for example)". Moreover, in other page of this same website (The Yataghan Style bayonet) you can access to more details about the bayonets used by these militia units: "Various volunteer bayonets were made based on the 1856 style blade. These can be found with steel or brass pommels and cross guards. Bayonets are often unmarked or have German Solingen/WKC makers marks, and with heavier blades than the normal military issue blades".

And here I have added some points to have in mind which you may find on Volunteer Bayonets:
· crossguard, pommel, or leather scabbard mounts manufactured in brass
· heavier blades than the standard ones
· slighty short hilts
· grip scales made in wood or bakelite, and with no cleaning holes
· pommel slots for fixing may be shorter, modified or without any slots

Value: 4,5 score points over 5.

Links:
http://www.solo-bayonetas.com/2012/10/reino-unido-united-kingdom_14.html (this is my other blog with the spanish data!)

http://www.svartkrutt.net/articles/vis.php?id=2

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/83rd_(County_of_Dublin)_Regiment_of_Foot

http://www.old-smithy.info/bayonets/HTNL%20DOCUMNETS/Bayonet%20Terms.html

http://www.old-smithy.info/bayonets/HTNL%20DOCUMNETS/yataghan%20models.htm

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Víctor H. Carrizo